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    Did you know?
      • Since 2010, six new countries have joined the OECD.
      • Colombia is set to become the OECD’s 37th member country.
      • OECD countries and key partners represent about 80% of world trade and investment.

    The OECD brings together member countries and partners that collaborate on key global issues at national, regional and local levels. Through our standards and initiatives, our work helps drive and anchor reform in more than 100 countries around the world, building on our collective wisdom and shared values.

    Member countries

    Today, our 36 member countries span the globe, from North and South America to Europe and Asia-Pacific. They are represented by ambassadors, who are part of the OECD Council, which oversees and advises on our work, as set out in the OECD Convention. They engage with our experts and delegations from other countries, relay our data and analysis, and play a key role in our country review programmes, which are designed to encourage better performances. The European Commission participates in our work, but it does not have the right to vote nor does it take official part in the adoption of standards submitted to the Council.

    View list of countries
    Country
    Year of accession
    Australia flag
    Australia
    Year of accession 1971
    Austria flag
    Austria
    Year of accession 1961
    Belgium flag
    Belgium
    Year of accession 1961
    Canada flag
    Canada
    Year of accession 1961
    Chile flag
    Chile
    Year of accession 2010
    Czech Republic flag
    Czech Republic
    Year of accession 1995
    Denmark flag
    Denmark
    Year of accession 1961
    Estonia flag
    Estonia
    Year of accession 2010
    Finland flag
    Finland
    Year of accession 1969
    France flag
    France
    Year of accession 1961
    Germany flag
    Germany
    Year of accession 1961
    Greece flag
    Greece
    Year of accession 1961
    Hungary flag
    Hungary
    Year of accession 1996
    Iceland flag
    Iceland
    Year of accession 1961
    Ireland flag
    Ireland
    Year of accession 1961
    Israel flag
    Israel
    Year of accession 2010
    Italy flag
    Italy
    Year of accession 1962
    Japan flag
    Japan
    Year of accession 1964
    Korea flag
    Korea
    Year of accession 1996
    Latvia flag
    Latvia
    Year of accession 2016
    Lithuania flag
    Lithuania
    Year of accession 2018
    Luxembourg flag
    Luxembourg
    Year of accession 1961
    Mexico flag
    Mexico
    Year of accession 1994
    Netherlands flag
    Netherlands
    Year of accession 1961
    New Zealand flag
    New Zealand
    Year of accession 1973
    Norway flag
    Norway
    Year of accession 1961
    Poland flag
    Poland
    Year of accession 1996
    Portugal flag
    Portugal
    Year of accession 1961
    Slovak Republic flag
    Slovak Republic
    Year of accession 2000
    Slovenia flag
    Slovenia
    Year of accession 2010
    Spain flag
    Spain
    Year of accession 1961
    Sweden flag
    Sweden
    Year of accession 1961
    Switzerland flag
    Switzerland
    Year of accession 1961
    Turkey flag
    Turkey
    Year of accession 1961
    United Kingdom flag
    United Kingdom
    Year of accession 1961
    United States flag
    United States
    Year of accession 1961

    OECD candidates

    Becoming an OECD member country is a demanding task. Countries have to be ready for membership, which means not only adhering to our mission and values, but being able to take on the responsibilities and requirements of active membership. To become a member, countries may apply or be invited to open an accession process by the OECD Council. An accession roadmap is then developed to determine terms, conditions and processes. A technical review is carried out to evaluate the country’s policies and practices compared with OECD best practices and its ability to implement OECD standards. This phase often results in a series of measures a country must implement in order to align with OECD requirements. Each country must ratify membership domestically before becoming members.

    The most recent country to join the OECD was Lithuania, in 2018. Colombia was invited to join and its accession is imminent. In April 2015, we began accession discussions with Costa Rica. In March 2014, the accession process to the OECD of the Russian Federation was postponed.

    View list of candidates for accession
    Country
    Colombia flag
    Colombia
    Year of accession
    Costa Rica flag
    Costa Rica
    Year of accession

    Key Partners

    The OECD works closely with Key Partner countries, which include some of the world’s largest economies: Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, and South Africa. They participate in the OECD’s daily work, bringing useful perspectives and increasing the relevance of policy debates. Key partners participate in policy discussions in OECD Committees, take part in regular OECD surveys and are included in statistical databases. 

    List of key partners
    Country
    Brazil flag
    Brazil
    Year of accession
    China flag
    China
    Year of accession
    India flag
    India
    Year of accession
    Indonesia flag
    Indonesia
    Year of accession
    South Africa flag
    South Africa
    Year of accession

    Regional initiatives

    We work across countries at a regional level, notably through regional initiatives, spanning Africa, Eurasia, the Middle East and North Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, Southeast Asia and South East Europe. Regional initiatives help facilitate policy benchmarking and the exchange of good practices between countries in a specific geographical area within and across regions. They also help guide countries towards globally recognised standards and ambitious reform agendas to unlock greater prosperity and well-being for citizens, including at a local and city level. Countries and economies may also be invited to participate in Committees and Global Fora through different types of partnerships.

    The OECD Development Centre, which includes countries from Africa, Asia and Latin America, facilitates policy dialogue for and with developing and emerging economies. The Centre contributes expert analysis to the debate on development policy. The objective is to help decision makers find policy solutions to stimulate growth and improve living conditions in developing and emerging economies. We also host the Sahel and West Africa Club (SWAC), an international platform aimed at promoting regional policies that will improve the economic and social well-being of people in the Sahel and West Africa.

    List of regions
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  • 海军首次举行水雷战竞赛性考核 2019-12-06
  • 中华人民共和国劳动合同法 2019-12-06
  • 摄艳|花开红树乱莺啼 白鹭相亲相爱嬉戏忙 2019-12-03
  • 朔城警方打掉一个暴力抢劫恶势力团伙 2019-12-03
  • 山西省人民代表大会常务委员会 2019-12-02
  • 传媒每周热闻第358期:我国部署监测和清查儿童邪典视频 口碑之作《神秘巨星》票房飘红 2019-11-30
  • 千年不倒,豪宅碉楼 文章中国国家地理网 2019-11-29
  • 鑫江搏击问鼎精武门总冠军 2019-11-29
  • 中考生准考证丢失 合肥民警多方查找送还 2019-11-26
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